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Chess  Game        Conquest of the New World 


Cherry / maple
26" x 6" x 26"


Columbus, Christoph(er)

 

Genoese navigator serving Spain, is deemed to be the explorer of America after the Vikingsa in around a1000 AD*1451a Genoa, 20 May 1506 Valladolid
He
abelieved, animated aby the  Italianaacosmographera Toscanelli and by ancient maps (Ptolemäus), to  be  able to  find the westward sea route over the Atlantic
to   India.  1484  he  won  the  support of Isabella I of Castile for  his plan
On 12 October 1492 he  discovered  on  his  firstvoyage 1492/93 with the three ships Niña, Pinta, Santa Maria  the Bahama island Guanahani as well as Cuba and Haiti.On his second voyage 1493-1496 he explored with seventeen ships
the  Lesser  Antilles   Dominica  and  Guadeloupe , Puerto Rico and Jamaica.
On his third voyage 1498-1500 he discovered with six  ships the Orinoco river mouth and hereby South America and Trinidad. A number of returning settlers and sailors lobbied against Columbus at the Castilian court, accusing him
of gross mismanagement. He fell in disgrace with the Spanish  royal court and
on his  return he was  arrested and  enchained. But  he could justify himself and went on his fourth voyage 1502-1504, which  brought him with four ships near Puerto  Linón  to the  Central American coast. Columbus never set  foot on the North American mainland. Up to his death he believed devoutly, that he found the westward sea route to India therefore the names  West  Indian for the discovered land and  Indian for the natives

   
 

→  Egg of Columbus  story


 

Chess Piece

Spaniards

Ash Tree
8" x 2,3" x 2,3"

 

(*)Numbers are incorporated on the underside of the respective chess pieces.

 

Ferdinand 2st of Aragon (1)* 
Ferdinand 2st the Catholic, King of Aragon,
Sicily, Naples, Valencia, Castile and Léon
1479 - 1516

 

Isabella 1st of Kastilien (2) 
Isabella 1st of Castile, Isabella the Catholic, Queen of
Castile  and  León. In 1492  she  acceded to support
the dream of Columbus.
1474 - 1504

 

queen / king


 

Pope Alexander 6ts (3)
In  1493  he  divided  the title  to the  newly
discovered  continent  of   America  between
Spain and Portugal along a emarcation line.

 

Merchandiser (4)
A royal edict forced the Palos inhabitants to
contribute  to   the expedition  by  providing
Columbus   ships and   food for  the journey.

 

bishop


 

Christopher Columbus (5)
 

→  see above

 

Hernan Cortes (6)
A  Castilian  conquistador  1485 - 1547,   who  accompanied  by
about 600 men and 17 horses, landed in the Yucatan Peninsula
at  the  Mexican  coast to conquer  the treasuries of the  Aztecs.

 

knight


 

Flag of Queen Isabella 1st (7)
This  flag  flied  at the mast of the ships Niña, Pinta
and Santa Maria. Drums filled with drinks and food
for the journey were vital for the sailors.

 

The Cross (8)
Columbus  and  his  men  took  possession  of  the  New World.
At the berth a large wooden cross and a gallows were rammed
into the  ground. Henceforth, the  Christianity represented by
this cross  and Castilianv law represented by this gallows will
reign  over the island.  The inhabitants  had little to oppose to
the horses and weapons ships cannonballs.

 

rook


 

9 - 16 Soldiers

 

   

 

  

pawns

 

 

Chess Piece - Inca - Mayan - Aztec

Cherry 8" x 2,3" x 2,3"


 

Manco Capac (1)
At the  end of 13th century  the Incas  moved in search of a settlement area through  the  Andean plateau. Their leader  Manco Capac in vestigated  the
land by using a golden staff in order to find a good piece of land for his tribe.
In the spot where the staff sank into the earth he founded Cuzco.

 

Indian - woman (2)
The education of the son was taken over by the father and
the education of  the daughter was the duty of the mother.

 

king / queen


 

Aztec - priest (3)
At Prayer of all old American Indian
tribes  the  Aztec had the most gods.

 

Mayan - highpriest (4)
The adoration of god with incense

 

bishop


 

Aztec - priest (5)
Priest with typical  garment at  the gruesome rite of human sacrifice to the sun god  Huitzilopochtli.  Due to the fear  of hi  annually   thousands  of  people  had
been sacrificed.  Aztec warriors  attacked, displaced  and  slaughtered  countless people into the   temple, where they were  sacrificed in honour of Huitzilopochtli The  daily rites  in which  the  priest grabbed  and  turned out the   still beating
heart should keep the course of the sun going. The Aztec lived with the constant fear   that the  sun would not  rise   anymore and this would be the end of all lif.

 

Aztec - priest (6)
Priest  with the typical  garment and  torch in order to carry ceremonially
the urn with the ash of a notable chief into the cave. The rite of entombing
dead in subterranean caves was widely spread.

 

knight


 

God aztec - Quetzalcoatl (7)
Feathered  snake   god: He is the giver  of culture and was also
adored as wind god. He symbolises furthermore the dead snake
and life
wearing the dazzling feather of the bird Quetzal

 

Deamon (8)
Large stone sculptures, that incarnate the gods

 

rook


 

9 - 16 pawns


 

Warrior Aztec(9)
with obsidian* spear
 

Warrior Aztec (10)
with obsidian knife and obsidian ax      obsidian *
mineral

 


 

Aztec chief (11)
with obsidian spear
 

Mayan warrior (12)
with obsidian spear

 


 

Mayan warrior (13)
with obsidian spear
 

Aztec warrior (14)
with obsidian knife

 


 

Inca - archer (15)
 

Mayan warrior(16)
with obsidian spear

 


Chess Table
Roman Empire

         Rocking Chair


Beech Tree
28" x 30"

         Ash Tree
         47" x 39" x 25"


 

Chess Pieces Romans

Basswood
6" x 2" x 2"
 

 
   

king / queen

bishop

 

 

 

knight / rook

 
   

pawns

pawns

pawns

pawns


 
 

Chess Pieces Egyptians

Basswood
6" x 2" x 2"
 

 
   

queen / king

bishop

   

 

knight / rook

 
   


pawns


pawns

   


pawns


pawns